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Carved human figure holding a ceremonial bowl with several mask-like faces | Donald Ellis Gallery
Profile of a ceremonial bowl in the form of a seated human figure with large hands | Donald Ellis Gallery

Ceremonial Bowl

Nuu-chah-nulth (Pacheedaht)
Vancouver Island, British Columbia

ca. 1780-1820

sitka spruce, paint

height: 12"
width: 8 ½"
depth: 9 ½"

Inventory # N3078

Sold

acquired by the Thaw Collection, Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown, NY


PROVENANCE

Chief Charles Jones, Hereditary Chief of the Pacheenat People, Port Renfrew, BC
According to the current Chief Jones, this bowl has passed down within the family for twelve generations

EXHIBITED

Royal British Columbia Museum, July 1999 - June 2000
Denver Museum of Natural History, October 2000 - January 2001

PUBLISHED

Out of the Mist, Treasures of the Nuu-chah-nulth Chiefs, Black, Royal British Columbia Museum, 1999, pg. 88
Donald Ellis Gallery catelogue, 2003, pgs. 16-17

Large and elaborately carved bowls of this type were made to contain and distribute feast foods to high-ranking guests at a function commonly known today as the potlatch. Potlatch is an anglicized version of a word from the Nuu-chah-nulth language from western Vancouver Island. Among the Tlingit, from whom this impressive bowl originated, such gatherings are known as “Koo.exx”, and in the distant past would have lasted as long as a week or more. During this time, families of the host clan would serve guests great feasts day after day in large cedar planked ceremonial houses. Guests were also witness to ceremonial transfers of traditional names and cultural privileges such as the ownership of dances, masks, and ceremonial regalia. In a society of purely oral record keeping, bearing witness to social transfers, marriages and inheritances was extremely important, and the generosity of hosts toward their guests served as a form of payment.

Carved round or oval bowls of this size are extremely rare, and the handful that have survived all appear to date from the 18th century. The fine design and relief carving on this example are very sure and firmly executed, while the adaptation of the design to the full circumference of the bowl indicates the hand of a well-practiced master. The vessel exhibits excellent preservation of the red and black pigments on the primary and secondary formline elements, and a very early blue-green pigment derived from native celadonite or glaucomite iron in the relief carved or tertiary areas.

The beautiful flaring shape of this bowl interacts gracefully with the painted and carved design on its surface. The sculptural humanoid face is carved in classic early Tlingit style, including such features as wide, bold eyebrows, straight lips and large eyes. The very wide, deeply undercut rim of the bowl has an elegantly curved form that elegantly reflects the bulge of the sides below. Inset in the rim are white discs of opercula, a prized material harvested from the interior of the red turban snail.

Feast foods commonly served in bowls of this type would include boiled fish and roots, smoked fish, seaweed, and wild berries. Individual servings would be passed from the large bowl to smaller bowls brought by guests. To quote from Tlingit author Nora Dauenhauer (Dauenhauer 1990, pg. 65) “In joyous scramble imitating the feeding frenzy of birds, the guests transfer the berries from the host’s delivery bowl into their own… When the serving bowl is emptied, the group of guests join in a shout while lifting the bowl up high"

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