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Ledger Drawing

Cedar Tree Ledger Book (page 161)
Southern Arapaho
Central Plains

ca. 1880

ink, crayon and graphite on lined paper
7 ¼" × 12 ½"

Inventory # P4354-161

Please contact the gallery for more information.

This ledger drawing is from the Cedar Tree Ledger Book that consisted of 56 ledger drawings by the hand of at least 4 Southern Cheyenne and Southern Arapaho artists. The book was collected at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, Darlington, Indian Territory (Oklahoma), in 1882, and is closely related to another book of drawings also collected between 1882 and 1884 at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency (see Sotheby’s, New York, June 4, 1997, lot 97, and Skinner, Boston, January 11, 2011 – 15 drawings by the Southern Arapaho artist Mad Bull collected by early scout leader Lt. Palmer Tilton). The handwriting in the Cedar Tree Ledger book differs from Lt. Tilton’s and could be that of his successor Lt. John J. Brereton, 24th Infantry, or Lt. Homer Wheeler, 5th Cavalry, Fort Elliot, Texas (Cowdrey, 2017)


Collected at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, Darlington, Indian Territory, Oklahoma, in 1882

Sotheby’s, New York, December 4, 1997, lot 447

Jose Bedia, Miami, FL


Crónicas de Guerra, amor y visiones místicas/Chronicles of War, Love and Mystic Visions, Bedia, Jose, (Buenos Aires: Latin American Art, 2008), pgs. 92-93

Ledger Drawing P4353-6

Mad Bull Ledger Book (pages 114 and 113)
Attributed to Mad Bull, Southern Arapaho
Central Plains

ca. 1880

Vincent Price Ledger (pg 62)

Central Plains

ca. 1875-78